大考季又到了,留英的小伙伴们是不是都在紧张的奋斗中呢?除了令人头痛的大考,还有很多同学也要迎来各种论文的deadline。不用担心和紧张,放松心态,掌握技巧,平和对待。大道教育将为大家分享一些论文的常用词汇与表达方式,希望可以帮到大家哦!

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  引用数据(图标、表格):

  常用的动词:show,present, illustrate, summarize, demonstrate, contain, provide, list, report,give, reveal, display, indicate, suggest, describe,…

  As从句:As shown in…/ As can be seen in…/ As revealed by …

  引用/简述他人的研究/观点:

  XXX + Verb. + n./that … 其中Verb可以为:state,claim, argue, maintain, suggest, assert, hypothesize, conclude, describe,develop, propose, find, show, report, use, study, demonstrate, note, discuss,observe, explain, expand, publish, give, examine, analyze, focus, presume,speculate, assume, support, theorize, contend, recommend

  其他:Based on …/In the view of …/ According to …

  表达可能性:

  It is certain that…

  It is almost certain that …

  It is very probable/ highly likely that …

  It is probable/ likely that …

  It is possible that …

  It is unlikely that …

  It is very/ highly unlikely that …

  用于表达可能性的另一种途径:

  There is a definite possibility that …

  There is a strong possibility that …

  There is a good possibility that …

  There is a slight possibility that …

  There is little possibility that …

  表示例外:

  With the exception of...

  Apart from …

  Except for …

  表示原因/缘由:

  be due to …

  be attributed to …

  be accounted for …

  be a consequence of

  stem from

  表示定义/命名:

  be named

  be called

  be denoted by

  be known as

  be defined as

  be referred to

  引出设问句(不能直接使用设问句):

  It is uncertain/unclear …

  It has not been determined…

  It is necessary to consider …

  The question remains …

  Current studies provide little information on …

  We need to know/ consider …

  There is some question as to …

  Another issue raised by this study is …

  指出问题所在:

  This system/ process/ idea has its problems.

  There remains the issue of reliability.

  This model has some serious limitations.

  Few solutions have been found to …

  Little progress has been made in …

  The problem remains as to how …

  Researchers still have to find a way to …

  引出解决方案:

  Solutions to this problem are now widely discussed. One remedy is to…

  One method to address this difficulty is to …

  There two possible ways of handling this problem. The first … thesecond

  Several options are available to address this obstacle. However, thebest one seems to be …

  A radically different desi9gn/ model is needed to overcome thislimitation.

  Recently, researchers have made significant progress in overcomingthis difficulty by…

  引出中心话题:

  Recently, there has been growing interest in …

  The possibility of … has generated wide interest in …

  The development of … is a classic problem in …

  The development of … has led to the hope that …

  The … has become a favorite topic for analysis …

  Knowledge of … has great important aspect of …

  A central issue in … is …

  (the) … has been extensively studied in recent years.

  Many investigators have recently turned to …

  The relationship between … and … has been investigated by manyresearchers.

  Many recent studies have focused on …

  表达相似之处:

  Similarly, …

  Likewise, …

  In the same fashion, …

  As in X, in Y …

  Like X, Y …

  The same …

  X is similar/ comparable to Y

  X resemble Y

  X correspond to Y

  表达不同之处或比较/对照:

  In contrast, …

  Unlike X,Y …

  In contrast to …

  On the other hand, …

  …; hoever, …

  …, but …

  Whereas/ while …, …

  …, whereas/ while …

  X differ from Y

  X is different from Y

  X contrast with

  评价他人的研究/论著:

  正面: useful,important, interesting, clarity, accessibility, detailed, up-to-date,insightful, significant, comprehensive, practical, successful, remarkable,impressive, original, perceptive

  负面:inconsistent,restricted, misleading, thin, anecdotal, sloppy

  总结:

  Overall, …

  In general, …

  On the whole, …

  In the main, …

  With … exceptions, …

  The overall results indicate …

  The results indicate, overall, that …


  

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