虽然现在社会很开明开放,但是种族歧视在依然存在,我们依然会在新闻上看见黑人被歧视,遭遇不公平待遇的新闻,还有一些国家的一些人也对我们黄种人带有偏见和歧视。当种族歧视引起了非常不愉快甚至是精神和财产伤害的情况时,我们不能不为尊严和理应的权利采取法律的手段。

   什么是种族歧视行为

  英国2010平等法案是一个能让所有在英人群,在面临各类歧视时可以寻求保护的法案。所有在2010年10月1日之后发生的不公正的待遇的人都可以根据此法案对其收到的不公正待遇进行控诉。

  歧视主要分为四种: 直接歧视,对待不同肤色的人,给予不有利的待遇;间接歧视,制定对不同肤色的人不利的规则和安排;骚扰,对不同肤色的人进行违背个人尊严或创造令人不快的环境的不适行为;迫害,因为不同肤色的人控诉歧视或骚扰行为,而给予不公平对待。

  如何控诉种族歧视行为

  在受到种族歧视时,按照案件的严重程度,有三种不同的控诉途径。

  第一,你可以直接向给予歧视的个人或组织发出控诉。这里笔者为大家提供其中一个控诉的模板,仅供大家参考:

  Your Address

  Enter Organisations Name

  Enter Organisations Address

  Date:

  Dear (Insert name of person you are writing to),

  Subject: (Title of your letter/what is it about)

  Please accept this letter as a formal complaint of indirect discrimination at (name of organisation).

  See Template Letter Guidance for information on what to include in this section.

  (Full details of the case, what has happened and the impact on you. Clearly identify the policy or practice (applied to everyone) that is causing the disadvantage to you and how it would cause disadvantage to others who share your protected characteristic.)

  (Include information about who you have spoken with previously their name, job title and the date when you spoke to this person to resolve this issue).

  The Equality Act 2010 (the Act) states I am protected against unlawful discrimination by you as a service provider because of my (protected characteristic for example my race, disability, sex etc.) Indirect discrimination is defined by the Act as a provision, criterion or practice which is discriminatory in relation to my (enter your protected characteristic.) In this context, a provision, criterion or practice is discriminatory if:

  · The provision, criterion or practice is applied neutrally to all employees,

  · Persons who share my protected characteristic of (enter your protected characteristic) are placed at a particular disadvantage, compared to persons who do not share my protected characteristic

  · The provision, criterion or practice places me at a personal disadvantage

  · It cannot be objectively justified.

  I would like you to investigate my complaint and try to resolve this issue as soon as possible.

  I look forward to receiving your response within 28 days from the date of receiving this letter.

  Yours sincerely/faithfully, (Delete as appropriate)

  (Your name)

  第二,你可以寻求第三方帮助从而协同歧视的问题。一般建议先通过第三方例如Equality Advisory Support Service的免费咨询网站,或者使他们的免费电话0808 800 0082,针对个人情况进行咨询。

  第三,当以上两种方式都无法成功消除歧视时,你可以选择向法庭或裁判庭提出索赔。决定需要上法庭解决种族歧视问题时,首先需要确定你是在什么环境下受到了不公平待遇。法律上主要分为七类不同社会环境:工作场所,服务和公共环境, 住所,高等教育机构,普通教育资质机构,学校和协会。接着,需要确定歧视的种类:直接歧视,间接歧视,骚扰或迫害。

  在选择好了自己的受歧视情况后,就可以在HM Courts & Tribunals Service官网上通过输入家庭地址邮编,选择当地最近的法庭或裁判庭,接着通过信件的形式根据自己的案件情况提出索赔。不同类别的种族歧视案件审理时间和法律索赔费用都不尽相同,并且会根据案件复杂情况有一定变化。

  种族歧视行为,对于我们这些只身在外易受攻击的少数群体是极大的伤害。无论是发生在自己身上,还是周遭朋友同事中,我们都有义务保护我们民族的尊严和权力。

  而除了种族歧视,其他受到英国2010平等法案保护的类型还有包括:年龄歧视,变性状态歧视,婚姻状态歧视,孕妇歧视,残疾人歧视,信仰歧视,性别歧视以及性取向歧视。如果你想帮助身边正在经历这些歧视的朋友,你也可以作为第三方为这些人进行控诉。

  

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